DEFINITIONS


BEST LINE UP

Is the best possible Line Up based on the individual Performance Index

CONTRACT EXTENSION

Is the suggested number of years of contract extension in case of contract renewal. It is based on the contract residual duration and player's age

EXPECTED CONTRACT

Is an estimation of the numbers of contract years based on the player's age. The higher the age the shorter is the expected   duration of the contract

EXPECTED PERFORMANCE

By default is equal to the average performance in the current season

EXPECTED SALARY

Is an estimation of the level of net salary the player should receive by the new club in case of transfer

EXPECTED TEAM CLUSTER

Is an estimation of the most likely team cluster in which the player could be hired, based on the ratio between his performance and the average team performance

MARKET PRICE

Market Price (MP) estimates the most likely price in case of transfer. Market Price is also the standard value conventionally used by PlayRatings in all aggregated tables and ratings

GOLD LINE UP


It's the ideal team formed by players in the league with the highest cumulative MP in their specific position. The team selects players based on the formation. You can try up to 12 different formations

INVESTMENT POSITION

Is the suggested strategy for the current club: Wait, Renew, Sell

LAST PRICE

The Transfer fee payed by the buyer for the players for his last transfer

LAST START LINE UP

The Line Up of the last match

MARK TO MARKET

Is the difference between the Market Price (MP) and the Residual Value (RV)

MARKET INTEREST

Is an estimate of the market interest for the player in terms of performance and substitutability

NATIONAL

(NT) is the value component related to the presence of the player in the national team. The estimate is updated every week

PERFORMANCE

(PF) is the value component related to the player's sport performance during the last three years. More recent performances have more weight. The estimate is updated every week

PERFORMANCE INDEX

(PI) is a composite indicator of the player's performance in the current season

PERFORMANCE RANKING

Is the player’s position in comparison to all the other players in terms of Performance Index (PI)

PERFORMANCE TEAM RATIO

Is the ratio between the performance (PI) of the player and the average performance of all the team players

PERFORMANCE TREND


(PF) is the value component related to the player's sport performance during the last three years. More recent performances have more importance. The estimate is updated every week

POTENTIAL AVAILABILITY

Is the % of matches the player can be expected to play in his new team in comparison to the current one

POTENTIAL BUYERS

List of clubs in the most likely cluster for the player in case of transfer

POTENTIAL PERFORMANCE

Is the expected Performance Index of the player in the new team

POTENTIAL SALARY

Is the expected Salary of the player in the new team

POTENTIAL VALUE
















(PV) is the discounted net value of a new contract between a club and a player in case of transfer. It expresses the economic value that the player's sports performance is able to generate for the club that acquires the rights for a standard duration contract (inversely proportional to the player's age). The Potential Value also detects a maximum threshold for the price that a club should be willing to pay to buy the player. Since this value varies according to the specific buyer, PlayRatings allows its users to simulate multiple scenarios, based on the setting of two key parameters: (1) the buyer’s team and, (2) his intensity of use in the new team. It should be noted that none of these estimates aim to predict the transfer price of the player (exchange price), but only to establish cost thresholds for the negotiation. Therefore, the RV and PV estimates ultimately suggest a range of consistent values ​​( free from market distortions) within which value creation can occur for both the buyer and the seller. Outside of this range, our model predicts that one of the two clubs is likely to experience an economic loss. It should be noted that any uneconomic decision (if associated solely with the transaction in question) may also correspond to an explicit and informed choice of one or both parties within a broader and / or long-term market policy. To estimate the Potential Value of a player, the user must first select the buyer team and then measure the expected usage intensity (in the "bench" - "holder" range)

PRICE / TEAM RATIO

Is the ratio between the Market Price (MP) of the player and the average Market Price (MP) of all the team players

PRICE RANKING



The Ranking is the position of the player in terms of Market Price (MP). The comparison is performed on multiple cluster: (1) all players in the platform, (2) the players in the same league, (3) the players in the same team, (4) the players in the same position among all leagues, (5) the players in the same position in the same league

PRICE TREND

Represents the evolution of the Player Market Price during a specific period of time

PROSPECT


(PT) Is the value component related to the player's potential growth. It is estimated using Real Option theory and Monte Carlo simulation, using data from the player’s historical performance. The estimate is updated every week

RATING





The rating of a player suggests the level of economic and financial risk associated, considering three fundamental variables: the level and the variability of historical performance, the effectiveness compared to the rest of the team and growth prospects. Like a financial rating, each of the letter represents the level of the respective component. For example, a Rating ABA means that the player is at top of the performance scale (A), has an average effectiveness against his team (B) and has a high potential for future growth (A).

RENEWAL VALUE





The Renewal Value (RW) of a player quantifies the value for the current team in case of renewal or extension of the current contract. The Renewal Value is equal to the current value of a standard duration contract for the exploitation of the player's sports performance by the team he is currently playing for. This value is also the value that the player would be expected to generate for the team if his contract were extended today with a standard duration. The Renewal Value (RWV) is updated every week

REPUTATION

(RP) is the value component related to the player's reputation. The higher is his reputation, the higher is RP . The estimate is updated every week

RESIDUAL VALUE











The Residual Value (RV) of a Player gives an estimate of the value generated by the existing contract between the club and the player until the end of his legal binding obligations, including the value of the option to renew the contract which is generally associated with it( even though it may not be legally binding). The Residual Value (RV) is the most likely discounted net value that a player's sports performance can generate for the current club. The Residual Value is therefore also the minimum price that a club should be willing to accept to terminate in advance the contract with the player, that is, the minimum transfer price that compensates the club for the waiver. The Residual Value estimate is updated weekly. The remaining duration of a contract strongly affects the Residual Value. Therefore, unless the contract has been signed or renewed recently, it does not reflect the real Market Value of a player economic revenue deriving from the performance of the player during the remaining duration of the contract. Each player is always associated with a single Residual Value

RISK LEVEL

Estimates the level of the risk the buyer will take acquiring the player at the Transfer Fee

SALARY ADJUSTMENT

It's the suggested salary adjustment in case of renewal

SALARY CLUSTER

Level of Salary. 1 is the highest

SUGGESTED DURATION

Is the suggested number of year of contract. It is based on player's age

TOTAL MARKET VALUE

Is equal to the sum of the Market Price (MP) of all players in the team

TOTAL RESIDUAL VALUE

It's equal to the sum of the Residual Value (RV) of all players in the team

TRANSFER FEE

It's the actual transfer fee to estimate the transaction risk

YEARLY NET SALARY

It's the actual salary to estimate the transaction risk

 

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